Red clay is applied till the required area of the painting is covered
Paste is made by grinding the soaked rice
Floral patterns are commonly used motifs
The main designs of traditional Aipan include Geometrical designs, flowers, dots and plants
Cotton ball is dipped in the solution and used while painting to get the continuous flow of the solution
Once the border paint is over then the center is painted
Aipan has been the expressions of happiness and celebration
Different designs exist for different ceremonies and rituals, throughout year
Plant and Creeper motifs drawn on entrance of the house
The traditional designs and patterns of this folk art are passed on to their daughters and daughters-in-law, to preserve the culture
Aipan designs are mainly drawn at places of worship, along with the main entry door, near mortar (stone Grinder) and in the front courtyard of the house
Aipan painting is done particularly by a group of women during all festive ceremonies
Aipan ritual art is made on floor and walls by drip drawn method. The aipan is traditionally drawn for ceremonies of birth, marriage, and many other festivals throughout the year. The painting patterns differ for each ceremony accordingly.
The central design of the aipan is considered as per the ritual and has a traditional motif while the outer design can be extended or reduced to fit the space (red color background). The dots or Bindu, is an important element without which the aipan is considered unfinished. Paintings drawn on the floor of the prayer room and on the deities' seat has Tantric motifs called as Peetha or Yantra. Aipan is drawn by village women folk who make these beautiful designs.
For more details: http://dsource.in/resource/aipan-uttarakhand