The outermost layer of the coconut is kept for drying under the sunlight.
The outermost layer is soaked in the shallow backwaters for more than six months.
After the water treatment is complete the outermost layer of the coconut is repeatedly beaten with an iron rod for easy removal of the husk.
The outermost layer is peeled out to separate the husk. This is the traditional way of extracting coir.
Bundles of coir are prepared to be soaked in the water again.
The fibre is soaked in a water tank for two to four days for further refinement.
The fibre is refined to remove the particles from the husk on a machine locally called Kudu.
The refined fibre is rolled into bundles.
Using the manual spinning wheel, the fibre is accumulated in a hand-made pouch affixed to the waist of the artisan and two twisted fibre threads are spun to make the twine more thick.
The women artisans walk backward and ply the thread by concurrently handling both the threads with both the hands to make the twine of uniform thickness.
Finally, the twine is attached by rubbing the two twines together to form a long twine.
The bundles of coir twines are ready for spinning process.
The twine is made traditionally by the people of Alleppy. The process of making the twine is widely carried on by the women, whereas, the men folk mainly work on the machinery, transportation and weaving process. Kerala produces a great variety of products made out of coir as a raw material. The coir fiber is elastic and flexible to twist without breaking and it holds a curl as though permanently waved. The reeled twine is used for warping.
For more details: http://www.dsource.in/resource/coir-craft-kerala