Tools used in miniature paintings are outlined below:
Round and flat brushes of different sizes are made from squirrel hair. These brushes are suitable for making very fine details on the canvas and are long lasting.
Shells with smooth surfaces are used to keep/store colors and these also are used for burnishing, and as bowls for mixing colors.
Hakik ka Pathar (Burnishing Stone):
The stone is used to rub on a handmade paper coated with a mixture of Khadiya and Gond. This helps in making the surface smooth and therefore the movement of brush becomes easy.
This is used for drawing straight lines
Pencils and Erasers:
Pencils and Erasers are also used while making miniature paintings.
• Raw Materials:
The main raw materials used in making miniature painting are different types of colors which are procured from various types of stone, flowers etc.
The painting is done either on cloth or handmade paper. These are procured from the local market and further processed to make it suitable for painting.
Various colors are extracted from flowers, stones, leafs etc. through intense grinding and filtering process. These are all water based colors. Apart from natural colors sometimeswater colorsare also used. Main colors are:
1. Kadiya- white
2. Ramraj- yellow
3. Malachite- green
4. Hazratbel- grey
5. Hansraj- brown
6. Mensar- orange
7. Sararevan- light yellow
8. Lampblack- black
Varakh (Gold Leaf):
This is applied to enhance the borders and jewelry of the drawn/painted characters like kings and queens in the paintings.
It is used to mix with Khadiya to make the base color.
Tracing Paper :
Used to trace the design.