Pattachitra is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting. In Sanskrit, Patta stands for "cloth" and "Chitra" for "picture". While in the context of Bengal tradition, Patachitra means “the paintings made by Patuas using natural colours.” According to legends, the art was originated among a group of artisans called ‘Patuas’ from Kalighat in the 19th century. They used to paint long narrative stories on scrolls of handmade paper often stretched to over 20 feet in length.
One of the famous modern artists involved in Kalighat Pattachitra is Jamini Roy, who experimented immensely with the painting during his early days of the occupation. Equally, a well-known artist is Mr. Anwar Chitrakar, a West Bengal-based person settled in the Naya village of West Medinipur district. He is a National award-winning artist who has contributed to the field greatly for long decades. His entire family is into the making of Kalighat Pattachitra easily passing the craft from generation to generation, thus conserving its heritage.
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