Tangmang Village is located nearly 75 km from Shillong in South Meghalaya. Bamboo mat making, basket making was a household activity in every home in the village. The bamboo species used by the villagers in Tangmang is locally called Shken (Bambusa Pallida) and Rangai (Bambusa Tudla). These are usually cultivated. However bamboo from the forest cannot be cut or collected as per community norms amongst the War tribes. Bamboo is locally harvested usually in the months of December and used locally for construction of houses, fencing, flooring, animal cages; and for making a number of utilitarian craft items such as mats, baskets, caskets and other household articles.
The outer sheath of Shken (Bambusa Pallida) is usually used by the women folk for mat weaving. This activity is usually undertaken during the rainy season months of May to September. Simple hand tools are used for cutting, splitting, slicing and weaving the bamboo strips.
For more details: http://dsource.in/resource/sustainable-craft-practices