A colourful and most important festival of Rajasthan is Gangaur. ‘Gan’ means ‘Shiva’ and ‘Gauri’ means ‘Parvati’ hence the word Gangaur forms. Gangaur is a celebration of marriage and love, honouring Goddess ‘Gauri’ or ‘Parvati’. Every woman whether she is married or unmarried takes part in this festival. Women overflowing with eager enjoyment make clay images of ‘Shiva’ and ‘Parvati’, dress them beautifully. They offer prayers to them, observe day-long fasts for marital happiness and prepare delightful dishes for the family. ‘Parvati’ represents perfection and marital love; therefore married women do it for the welfare, health, and long life of their husbands and happy married life. While unmarried women worship for being blessed with a good husband.
Big fairs are organised during the festival. Images of Gauri and Isar are made with clay. But some of the Rajput families use permanent wooden idols after painting them every year. Different varieties of Chisel like Flat chisel, Half-round chisel, and Semi-round chisel are used for carving. Teak Wood is the main raw material used for making idol. Different grades of sandpaper are used for smooth finishing. Vibrant oil-based paints are used for painting Gangaur idols. Artificial jewellery are used to decorate Gangaur idols.
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