The artisan follows the very basic steps to make the beautiful and the variety of torans. Here the Saree borders are taken and cut as per the door width to which the backing fabric of either cotton or silk is stitched to the back side. It is evenly folded twice, thrice or four times as per the choice to attach the string, beads and decorative items respectively.
Some of the decorative items are such as parrots, birds, flowers etc. The birds are made with any fabric material taken to be made as bird, is folded to half in a triangle shape and then cut evenly. It is turned inside out, where on the edges the stitches are given throughout and the beak part cut and stitched separately are attached and the whole thing is reversed leaving behind one part open. Through the open part the woolen or stuff material is filled and stitched to give the final finishing. It is further stitched with the woolen yarn to hang it in the required portions. After every item such as shells, beads etc. that are required is stitched, it is stitched with colorful ribbons to give the border effect.
For more details: http://dsource.in/resource/toran-making