The word Usta is derived from the Persian word ‘Ustad’. Ustad the word itself describe the excellence of a person in particular art. Usta is a professional caste of artists residing in Bikaner the city of Rajasthan, India. Mughal Emperors brought this art of golden painting and embossing to India from Iran. The art was on glorious heights in the 16th – 17th century.
Artist Mohammad Yasin Usta son of Usta artist Ahmed Bakhar Ji Usta. He learned the Usta art form from his uncle Shoukat Ji, father and forefathers. His ancestors practised Usta art for a long time in Bikaner, Rajasthan. Many different techniques are combined to make this unique art of Usta. Gold emboss work or Sunehri Munawwati Nakkashi work is completed in many stages. Surface Selection, Surface Preparation, Drawing / Template Pasting, Design Tracing, Base Colouring / aka "Akhbara", Embossing, Laying Yellow base coat for gold foil and Gold Leaf work are the steps followed while making Usta art.
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