The word 'Zardozi', a form of metal embroidery, is derived from Persian terms, ‘Zar’ meaning gold and ‘Dosi’ meaning embroidery. Tracing back to its history, this embroidered clothing paved its way into India from Persia through trade. Embroidery is the art of decorating fabrics with fine thread works. Apart from threads and needles, the craft also fixes materials like pearls, beads, quills, sequins, etc. Kolkata-based Zari Zardozi embroidery, chic Baluchari sarees, and Tasar textiles are famous worldwide for their style and elegance. Many generations from the interiors of the state have been practicing Zardozi embroidery for decades.
Eventually, designers from across the country, recognizing its grandeur, started sourcing the art, thus reviving it. In Chakmadhu, the Howrah district of Kolkata is well known for its authentic Zardozi embroidered sarees and purses. Various manufacturing centers functioning at the place offer training programs and workshops for local people, providing an opportunity for them to master the art and make a living by selling it even on international platforms. Though Zari embroidery can be done on all ranges of clothing products, its application is mainly found in sarees and salwar kameez.
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