The veena is four feet in length consisting of a large resonator (tumba), a wooden bridge (Mettu), a tapering hollow neck (dandi), a smaller non-functional resonator and seven strings of the Veena. Veena making process involves many stages with team work of artisans. Skilled and expertise artisans are involved in making of Veena. The traditional instrument making process begins with carving a single log of wood into veena’s base. Jackfruit wood is used to make the veena. The process of making veena is very much precise and it takes at least 3 to 4 days to complete one complete veena. Jackfruit wood (Pala Maram) is procured from market and kept for seasoning and maturing. Jackfruit wood is easy to carve when the wood is moist; once the wood becomes dry it’s hard to carve with it.
The entire instrument/veena is carved out from one single piece of wood. Sometimes wood breaks while carving because of its hardness, at that time parts of veena are carved separately and joined together after carving. Artisan first carves the basic shape of the veena out of the single wood. After acquiring the basic shape exact shape of veena is marked on the wood using stencil and measurements. The wood is carved in the circular part and then wood is scooped out from the large base part in order to create hollowness, which is known as the resonator (Tumba). The resonator is covered with a wooden sheet/plate. Initially, rough designs are traced on the wooden sheet and marked to do the carving. Designs are carved by chiseling. After obtaining the shape, the surface is scraped and smoothened using the sand paper. To fill the cracks, mixture of jack wood husk, pop powder, yellow color powder and adhesive are mixed and applied on the cracks/fissures which surfaces on the body/structure/surface of veena. When cracks are filled and the mixture is dried, the surface is smoothened using sand paper. A thin coat of solution made of pop powder, adhesive and yellow color powder is painted on the veena hide the crack patches. The body of the wood is carved with beautiful design of goddesses, flower and bird motifs on it. The traditional art includes unique style of designs. Carving is also done on the surface of the veena in order to enhance its look.
At olden days ivory carvings and inlay works were made on the veena and dear horns were fixed on the veena. Currently acrylic sheets are inlayed with lac colors which are fixed on the veena to give more ethnic styles. Pegs and knobs for the strings are made in rose wood and fitted in the instruments with the help of beeswax. A decorative carved Yalli is fixed to the other end of the veena.