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Calligraphy - The art of drawing beautiful hand letterings is also known as art of fine writing or making of the attractive scripts.
It is derived from the Greek word kalla meaning "beauty", and graphia meaning "writing." (beauty + writing in greek: κάλλος + γραφή)
In calligraphy, the letters can represent the meaning of the script and the skill behind calligraphy is to express the beauty of written letters. There are many styles of calligraphy and writing.
To bring the creative meaning to letters, various types of strokes are drawn by using different kinds of writing devices known as tools of calligraphy. These could be as varied as pen nibs, quills, bamboo sticks, brushes, a craft knife, etc. It is also encouraged to make and try out your own tool for practicing calligraphy.
Before the invention of printing, letterforms used to be scribed on different mediums like stones, leaves and paper.
Calligraphy has been practiced in several different cultures. These all have influenced the modern style of calligraphy that we know today. The Chinese, the Arabic, the Turks and the Indian cultures were all early pioneers in the art.