Introduction to the Gurmukhi Script
Gurmukhī: Philosophy behind the Name
ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ: ਨਾਮ ਦਾ ਦਰਸ਼ਨ
Letters of a script are the seeds of a certain culture. Gurmukhī akhars/letters signify the Punjabi culture and heritage. Gurmukhī is a compound word, made of two words: ਗੁਰੂ (Guru) and ਮੁਖੀ (Mukhi) – meaning Guru’s sayings/ utterences. Historically, the script is named so, meaning that the letters and words as part of sacred utterances from the mukh (mouth) of the Sikh Gurus while reading the hymns from the Guru Granth Saheb (ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ). When the holy utterances are sung as hymns by a Sikh Guru, this musical form of reading them in Gurmukhī script is devotionally called Gurbani (Gur ki Bani meaning ‘from the mouth of the Guru’) with the purpose of teaching of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Around 300 years ago, the tenth sikh guru: Guru Gobind Singh ji, announced that since he would be the last of the living human Sikh Gurus, the sacred text of Adi Granth be the final, everlasting guru, to be called Guru Granth Sahib: GGS.