Bijapur is known as one of the place of India that has the ancient history with conquests of various forces and different cultures, religions. Islamic religion has remained strong in the city of mosques and the remnants of the Adil Shahi dynasty of about two century till it fell to Aurangzeb in 1689.
Bijapur is also called as Vijapura which was first settled by the Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani of the 11th century. In the 13th century the city came under the influence of Khilji Sultanate of Delhi and then this area was ruled by the Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga and after that this place was mostly referred to as Vijapur or Bijapur.
The first Adil Shahi ruler Yusuf Adil Shah was the son of Turkish Prince Mahmud II, tradition tells that Adil Shah was of the Ottoman descent with a crescent symbol on all the monuments of Bijapur. It is said that he was an escapee to be persecuted from his brother who sold him as a slave to Bidar court. Since he had an exceptional intelligence with a courtly behavior he rose to be the governor of the province of Bijapur in the year 1489 AD.
Bijapur is a land flanked by Narmada and Tapti in the north, Godavari in the middle and Krishna and Tungabhadra to the south filled with lava boulders. In Bijapur around 50 mosques, more than 20 tombs and numerous palaces belongs to the Adil Shahi’s. It is said that Adil Shahi Sultans ruled Bijapur for nearly 200 years which had spent their utmost authority and also on the architecture and allied arts.
Adil Shahi’s had deep interest in architecture especially in Persian, Ottoman and Turkish type as these were their interest in building architectures. The monuments were mostly built with the centre of the two concentric circles of the circumferential length of 400 meters. The forts are strongly fortified with the huge materials with ninety six large bastions of various designs. It is said when the Bijapur Sultanate reigned the whole Deccan territory the forts were fortified with more than 1000 canons generally made of brass and iron.