Human factors and ergonomics are the application of psychological and physiological principles to the engineering and design of products, processes, and systems. The goal of human factors is to reduce human error, increase productivity, and enhance safety and comfort with a specific focus on the interaction between man and the machine. Human factors engineering is a combination of numerous disciplines such as psychology, physiology, anthropometry, interaction design, user experience, user interface, engineering, and biomechanics. In essence, it is about adapting the machine to man.
Human factors design principles can be obtained from many sources. The ISO specifies ergonomic design principles in several of its standards. ISO 6385 (Ergonomic principles in the design of work systems): “establishes the fundamental principles of ergonomics as basic guidelines for the design of work systems” ISO 6385 defines a number of general principles for the design of work systems in various work situations.