A Fifty is a small band of cloth worn on the forehead. Once the turban is tied, this piece of cloth becomes visible in the form of a triangle which helps align the turban symmetrically. It also keeps the hair bun tightly in place and protects the turban from oiled hair. The origin of Fifty traces back to the British rule in India, when the Sikhs in the British army were permitted to wear their turbans. They started the trend of wearing a mini turban (2.5 meters long) below the main turban (5 meters long) and as the mini turban was 50% of the cloth size of the main turban hence it was named Fifty. In today’s time, Sikhs wear a small band of cloth to cover their forehead only, instead of covering their head with the mini turban.
A Thata or Thada is a small band of cloth worn by Sikh men around their beards to hold them in place. It is usually worn in the morning for 20-30 mins to set the beard for the entire day.
Salai or Baaj:
Baaj is a 10 cm long hairpin used to secure loose or short dreads from popping out of the turban and also, to straighten the drapes (Ladh) of the turban. The pin is then inserted into the drapes, kept concealed and is taken out only if there’s a need to fix up the turban.
These are used to keep the hair of the beard in place.
Beard Rubber Bands:
These are used to tie the beard into a bun.
A metal badge, consisting of a single feather or a cluster of feathers with a vertical pin for insertion at the crest of the turban is worn as an ornament. At times Kalgi is amalgamated with string of pearls. Historically, Kalgi was usually reserved for Rajas (Princes) and Maharajas. Sikh Gurus are often depicted in paintings and drawings with Kalgis. Today, it has become a fashion item, most often seen in Sikh weddings. These days Kalgis are commonly made of plastic.
Gota or ribbons are sewn onto turban worn during weddings and festivals. They are used to highlight the edges of the turbans. Mostly used in silver or gold color, this style was made popular by Daler Mehndi – a famous Punjabi Pop singer in the 90’s.
Daggers and Knifes:
Draggers and Knives of various sizes are worn by Nihangs on their turban.
Iron Chains are used to wind around the Nihang turbans to hold draggers, knives and Khanda in place.
The Sikh coat of arms, or “Khalsa Crest,” is commonly called the Khanda. It refers to a double-edged sword in the center of the emblem. Khanda, in the form of a pin, is worn on a turban, especially by Nihangs.
The Circlet or Chakar:
The circlet is a throwing weapon used in battle. It is sometimes worn on the turbans of Nihangs.